CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is a language used for describing the presentation of HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) and XML (Extensible Markup Language) documents. It defines how elements should be displayed, including layout, font, color, and other visual styles. CSS allows web designers to separate content from presentation, making it easier to maintain and update web pages.
CSS was invented in 1994 by Hakon Lie and Bert Bos. Bos, who was working at CERN researcher, proposed the idea of CSS to Lie. It was they who create the first version of CSS, which was published as a W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) recommendation in 1996. Since then, CSS has undergone several revisions, with CSS3 being the current version as of my knowledge cutoff in 2021. CSS3 is the latest vesion of the CSS speciification. CSS3 adds several new styling features and improvements to enhance the web presentation capabilities.
CSS is a lanauge used to descrie how HTML elements should be displayed on web pages. Some benefits of CSS include:
<p>This is a paragraph.</p>
In the aboe example, the CSS code selects the ‘p’ element and applies styles such as font size, color, and margin. This creates a consistent and visually appealing design for all paragraphs on the website.